profile of Bangladesh

A Brief History

Bangladesh is a new country but a very old culture. The country was only formed in 1971. Before that it had been called East Pakistan. After a Civil War, East and West Pakistan became separate countries. Before 1947, Bangladesh had been part of the British Empire. Before that, it was part of the Mughal Empire. From 1200 AD a number of Muslim missionaries arrived in the area and began converting the Hindu and Buddhist population to Islam.

Capital of Bangladesh

Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh is situated almost in the middle of the country on the bank of the river Buriganga. This historic city was founded in 1608 A.D. by the Mughal Emperors and has a rich history of more than 2000 years. The city has all modern facilities with international hotels equipped with all modern communication systems. The places of historical interest in the city are : National Museum, Lalbagh Fort, Baldha Garden, Ahsan Manzil (Palace), Bukland Embankment, Bara Katra, Chhoto Katra etc. Besides, the National Mausoleum at Savar and the Folk Museum at Sonargaon are two attractive places within reasonable distance. Dhaka is also characterized by thousands of ancient and modern mosques, for which it is known as the city of mosques.

Bangladesh At a Glance

Official Name The People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Government Parliamentary form of government, head by Prime Minister
Size of the Country 144,000 sq km
Standard TimeGMT +6 hours
Highest Point Keokradong 1,230 m
Irrigated Land 31,000 sq km
Land Use arable land: 73%
permanent crops: 2%
pastures: 5%
forests & woods: 15%
other: 5%
Natural Resources natural gas, arable land, timber, coal
Climate tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
Population 146.7 million (UN-2003)
Life Expectancy 60.5 years
Languages Bangla, English is generally understood and used as a second language
Literacy Rate 65%
Religion Muslim 93%
Hindu 5%
others 2%
Capital Dhaka
Currency Taka
GDPUS$ 57.00 billion (2003-04)
Growth Rate 6.27% (2003-04)
Sectoral Share of GDP 25% agriculture, 24% Industries (includes manufacturing & construction),export 13.8%, rest other sectors.
Exports garments, jute and jute goods, tea, leather, frozen fish and seafood
Imports machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, raw cotton, food, crude oil and petroleum products, cement

Land and Water

Bangladesh is a flat country on the delta of three large rivers: The Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Mehtna. The silt that these three rivers have deposited in the delta means that Bangladesh is a very fertile country. However, the low level of the delta land means that the country is prone to flooding. 75% of Bangladesh is at or below just 10 metres in height. This plain makes up the majority of Bangladesh. Although, there are some hills in the south-east of the country. The east of the country contains thick forest.

Climate

The temperature is equable and moderate. The minimum temperature varies between 11 degree centigrade to 29 degree centigrade in winter. The maximum temperature ranges from 21 degree centigrade to 38 degree centigrade in summer. The annual rainfall varies from 160 cm to 400 cm. There are six seasons in Bangladesh. These are: summer, monsoon, autumn, late autumn, winter, and spring. Rain in Bangladesh is associated with occasional tropical storms and cyclones, which originate in The Himalayas in summer and in the Bay of Bengal in autumn. There is a short pre-monsoon rainy season from April to May due to occasional nor-westers (cyclone) accompanied by thunderstorms.

Although Summer and Winter are the two main seasons distinctly prominent, the monotony is broken with the change of seasons in every two months recorded as per Bangla Calendar. These changes are, however, in degrees and one mixes with the approaching next like that of a rainbow of seven colours. This inter-woven changing pattern gives a pleasant touch to the people offering a distinct colour, smell and sound to the landscape for every short season. The summer is broken by a welcome monsoon rain, making the land suitable for cultivation. This is again changed to happy Autumn, pleasant Winter and colourful Spring.

Education

Although the literacy rate is still around 65% , the trend towards higher education in the urban society is noticeable. There are 53 general universities in the public and private sectors, five engineering universities, one medical university and two agricultural universities in the country. Besides, 18 medical colleges and a large number of vocational and technical institutions with a wide variety of specializations are also in existence in the country. One International Institute on Engineering and Technology funded by the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) is operating in Bangladesh with expatriate teachers and students from the OIC member-nations. Besides, hundreds and thousands of general colleges, high schools, junior high schools and primary/kindergarten schools are in operation.

Investment Oppotunities in Bangladesh

To find out about how to invest in Bangladesh and the oppotunities that exist there are two website available with this information.

1) Board of Investment Bangladesh (BOI) - Click here.

2) Export Promotion Buereau (EPB) - Click here.


Date

04 May 2006

World time

New York:19:21
London:00:21
Bangladesh:05:21
Hong Kong:07:21

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